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Amur ide

Introduction To Amur Ide

The Amur ide (or Leuciscus waleckii) is a species of fish that is native to the Amur River basin. It is a member of the cyprinid family, and is found in large numbers in the region of eastern Russia and China. These fish are characterised by having a deep and heavily scaled body, and a large, upturned mouth. The upper body is typically a silvery shade with reddish-brown stripes or spots, while the underside is pale or white.

Amur ide are often found in large shoals, making them an attractive species for commercial fishing. They have an important role in local ecosystems due to their role as primary consumers, and their presence helps to maintain healthy water quality and aquatic biodiversity. Their meat has also been used as a food source in these regions for centuries.

Physical Characteristics

The Amur ide is a large, heavily-scaled species that can grow upwards of 40 cm in length. It has a deep, elongated body and a large, upturned mouth with a cleft on the upper jaw. Its upper body is a silvery colour, with reddish-brown stripes or spots, while the lower body is pale or white. Its scales are quite large, and it has ten spines in the dorsal fin and three spines in the anal fin.

The Amur ide is also known to have a particularly long, curved pectoral fin which it uses to swim backwards and navigate in tight spaces. It is an active swimmer and has an omnivorous diet, which includes insects, detritus, and algae.

Habitat and Distribution

The Amur ide is found only in the Amur River basin and nearby tributaries, including the Ussuri and Sungacha rivers. It is known to inhabit the shallower and warmer parts of these rivers and prefers a slow to moderate current.

Although primarily found in the freshwater, this species is also known to migrate into brackish-water estuarine habitats during spawning season. Additionally, it has also been recorded inhabiting large marshes, lakes and ponds in and around the river systems.


The Amur ide is a migratory spawning species that congregates in large aggregations and migrates in the spring and fall. During these seasons the fish travel upstream towards fresh and brackish waters to spawn.

Males typically arrive at the spawning grounds first, and females will follow shortly after. During this time, males court the females and fight to establish dominance. The males then deposit their milt and the females their eggs, which sink to the bottom of the river and attach to rocks or debris. After spawning is complete, the adults migrate back downstream to the main river systems.

Amur ide two

Population Status

The Amur ide has been under threat from overfishing and habitat destruction in recent years. This has resulted in a reduced population size, particularly of younger fish.

Despite this, the species has been classified as least concern by the IUCN due to its wide distribution and large population size. In China and Russia, various conservation and management methods have been implemented to ensure its survival.

Cultural Significance

The Amur ide has a long history of importance in the culture of eastern Russia and China. The fish is known to provide a reliable source of food, and has been harvested for centuries. The meat is traditionally consumed fresh, smoked, or dried, and its eggs are used in the traditional Chinese dish jiaozi.

In addition to its use in food, the Amur ide is also viewed as a cultural symbol in these regions. It is often used as a motif in artwork, and the fish’s body parts are used in traditional medicine.


The Amur ide is a species of fish that is native to the Amur River basin. It is an important species in local ecosystems due to its role as primary consumer, and its meat is an important food source in eastern Russia and China. It is also an important cultural symbol in these regions. Despite being faced with threats such as overfishing and habitat destruction, the species is still listed as least concern by the IUCN due its large population size and wide distribution. Conservation strategies are in place to ensure its continued survival in the future.

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