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Aplomado Falcon

The Fascinating Life of the Aplomado Falcon

The Aplomado Falcon is a rare species of hawk found in North and South America. Its distinctively streaked body and tapered wings set it apart from the other falcons found in its range. Though the Aplomado Falcon was thought to have been pushed to extinction in the late 20th century by human activities, recent conservation efforts have led to a resurgent population in its native areas, with thriving populations of more than 5,000 now seen in the United States and Mexico.

The Aplomado Falcon has long been a source of fascination for birdwatchers and bird enthusiasts alike. Its striking plumage, fast flying speed, and incredibly loud call have made it a favorite among those in search of vibrant wildlife across its habitats.

Physical Characteristics and Appearance

The Aplomado Falcon is a medium-sized hawk, at between 26 and 35 centimeters in length and possessing a wingspan that can reach up to 80 centimeters. It has a grayish back, with a brownish crown, dark streaking on its wings, and a white underside with reddish-brown streaks throughout. Its beak and eyes are yellow-orange in color, and its legs and feet are yellow.

On close inspection, one will find that the Aplomado Falcon has a very unique tapered wingspan, with the tip of its wings noticeably more pointed than the rest of the wings. This type of wingspan gives it amazing maneuverability and the ability to hunt prey at high speeds.

Behavior and Diet

The Aplomado Falcon is a solitary raptor and a keen hunter, typically staying close to its nesting site and rarely traveling far. It hunts by day and takes its prey—which consists of small mammals, birds, and reptiles—in the air and on the ground. It is quite adept at grabbing its prey mid-flight as it swoops down from on high, making it one of the most impressive predators in the skies.

In order to hunt more effectively, the Aplomado Falcon often hunts in pair formations, with one bird serving as a decoy to attract prey while the other swoops in to make the catch. Despite its fierce hunting prowess, the Aplomado Falcon is not an aggressive bird, and in fact, most encounters with humans are friendly and passive.

Aplomado Falcon two

Behavior and Mating Habits

The Aplomado Falcon is monogamous in nature, typically mating for life with a single partner and rarely looking for another mate. It is typically found in pairs or small family groups and lives in well-defined territories, where it builds its nest. The nest of the Aplomado Falcon is typically in an isolated area such as a juniper tree or an abandoned farmstead, and is made of twigs, sticks, and even bits of metal.

During mating season, the Aplomado Falcon is impressive in flight, making elaborate maneuvers during courtship displays. The males engage in aerial high dives while the females usually fly in circles to assess the male’s flying ability and agility. The pair will typically remain together for several years before either one moves on.

Threats and Conservation

The Aplomado Falcon is currently categorized as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, due to its widespread habitat destruction, human disturbance, and decreased prey abundance in its range. Fortunately, conservation efforts are effectively reversing this decline, thanks to the establishment of protected habitats and conservation programs that have led to a resurgent population of Aplomado Falcons over the past few years.

In the United States, the Aplomado Falcon was thought to have been pushed to extinction by the late 20th century due to human activities such as ranching, farming, and oil and gas exploration. Fortunately, conservation efforts have reversed this decline, leading to a thriving population number of more than 5,000 individuals today.

Though the Aplomado Falcon faces many threats, conservationists remain cautiously optimistic that the bird’s numbers will continue to grow. As the population continues to recover, preserving the bird’s habitat and preventing human disturbance remains key to its long-term survival and success.


The Aplomado Falcon is a unique and fascinating species of hawk that is quickly regaining its numbers thanks to great conservation efforts. Its distinct physical characteristics, fast flying speed, and loud call make it an impressive bird to spot and watch, with a captivating life story that continues to captivate wildlife enthusiasts and birdwatchers alike.

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