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Arabian Ostrich

Introduction to Arabian Ostrich

The Arabian Ostrich, or Struthio Arabius, is an elusive and unique bird located in the deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. It is one of the few species of flying-capable birds in the world that actually cannot fly, although its wings are adapted to help them run and act as shields against predators. This flightless bird is native to areas that are as dry as it is dangerous, and its characteristic coloring serves as perfect camouflage in its harsh environment. Arabian Ostrich are the least known of all the ostrich species, and are sometimes thought of as relics in the zoological community.

Physical Characteristics

The Arabian Ostrich is a large bird, measuring up to 6 feet tall at the shoulder and 8 to 10 feet long from the beak to the tip of the tail. It is the largest bird species native to North Africa and the Middle East. The leggy birds also weigh up to 120 pounds, sporting strong and powerful leg muscles.

The Arabian Ostrich’s most distinguished feature is its long and elegant neck, which accounts for up to half of its total body length. The bird has a thick and heavy body, covered in coarse feathers that range from sandy browns to deep blacks. Its wings may be short, but they are powerful for a flightless bird and provide the individual with great speed and agility over flat, open terrain. The Arabian Ostrich also has large and powerful feet, with three forward-facing toes that work well in the slippery sand.


The Arabian Ostrich is a mostly solitary animal, although they can travel in small groups during migration periods in search of food and water. The ostrich is a prey species, and so they are constantly on the lookout for potential predators.

While the Arabian Ostrich isn’t known for making loud vocalizations, one of its most interesting sounds is a high-pitched hissing noise made by a group of individuals as a sign of alarm. This sound can reportedly be heard from a long distance and serves to help the ostrichs sneak away from potential danger.

The Arabian Ostrich is also quite an intelligent bird, and one of the few features that truly set it apart from other species. They have been recorded as navigating complex landscapes, finding paths around obstacles to forage for food and water, and even making vocalizations that sound much like human speech.

Habitat and Range

The Arabian Ostrich is found naturally in North Africa and much of the Middle East. They prefer dry, barren habitats where they can easily spot predators and take shelter if necessary. This includes deserts, semi-arid regions, salt flats and even dry riverbeds. They are also known to inhabit salt marshes, lowland forests and scrublands.

The Arabian Ostrich is a migratory species, and will travel great distances in search of food and water depending on the season. This behavior is often seasonal and can depend on rainfall and other environmental factors.

Arabian Ostrich two

Feeding Habits

The Arabian Ostrich is a primarily herbivorous species, consuming mostly plants such as roots, grasses, and tree bark. However, they are also known to eat small animals such as lizards, insects, and rodents. Arabian Ostrich has also been known to forage for fruits and other edible vegetation as well as scavenging for carrion as an added bonus.


Unfortunately, the Arabian Ostrich is under increasing pressure from shrinking habitats, poaching, and loss of food and water sources due to climate change. They are also faced with competition from large herds of non-indigenous livestock, which can lead to reduced vegetation and competition for scarce resources. Their range is also disrupted by human activities, with industrial and agricultural operations fragmenting their habitats and disrupting migration routes.

At present, the Arabian Ostrich is listed as being “Near Threatened” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and “Endangered” on CITES. To help protect this species, conservationists recommend establishing protected areas, regulating illegal hunting, and improving livestock management.


The Arabian Ostrich is a fascinating bird species, showcasing the powers of adaptation found in a variety of creatures living in harsh desert environments. Its combination of intelligence and size gives it an advantage in the wild and an ability to survive in the face of many threats. Hopefully, with the help of conservation efforts, the Arabian Ostrich can remain an integral part of its unique ecosystem for generations to come.

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