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Black Rhinoceros

  • Animals


The black rhinoceros is one of the large mammals found in Africa. It is also one of the rarest, as its population has drastically declined in the last several decades due to poaching and habitat destruction. The species is currently listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), with the most recent population estimates ranging between 5,042 to 5,455 individuals in the wild. But despite its status of being endangered, the black rhinoceros is an impressive animal with a unique set of features, habitat, diet, and behavior that make it a valuable species to be preserved and studied further.

Description and Physical features

The black rhinoceros is a large mammal that is mainly identified by its horns. The black rhino has two horns made of keratin, a protein fiber found in human hair and nails. The longer of the two horns is the front horn, which can grow up to 56 inches (142 cm) in length. The black rhino is characterized by its bulky body and stubby legs, and its size ranges from 4.8 to 6.7 feet (1.4-2 meters) in length and 1.7 to 3.3 feet (0.5-1 meter) in height with a weight of up to 1,760 pounds (800 kg). Their skin is thick and grayish-black in color and helps them in withstanding extreme temperatures.

Habitat and Distribution

The black rhino is mainly found living in forests, grasslands, savannahs and even deserts. They can be found in parts of central and eastern Africa, as well as South Africa and parts of India. The current population of black rhinos is mainly concentrated in South Africa, Kenya, and Namibia.

Diet and Behavior

The black rhino is an herbivore, and its diet consists mainly of grasses, bush leaves, tree bark and fruit. They prefer to feed during the evening and night and spend the day resting in a sheltered spot, such as a rocky outcrop or a thicket of bushes. They are known to be quite territorial and can be aggressive when defending their territory or when defending a female in heat.

Black Rhinoceros two

Reproduction and Offspring

The black rhino has a gestation period ranging from 15 to 18 months, and usually gives birth to one calf. The offspring will stay with its mother for up to two years before becoming fully independent. The mother is very protective of her calf, and will often put itself in harm’s way if it senses any threats towards its young.

Threats and Conservation

The main threat facing the black rhino is poaching for its horns, which are highly sought after by people in some parts of the world. The horns are believed to have medicinal value and so they are used in traditional Asian medicine. However, this remains to be unproven, and the population of the black rhino has decreased significantly due to illegal hunting and trade of their parts.

The species is currently listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and urgent protection and conservation measures are needed if the species is to be saved from extinction. Efforts are being made all over the world to protect the species, and a number of captive breeding programs have been established in an attempt to bolster the wild population.


The black rhinoceros is an iconic species that has been imperiled by decades of illegal poaching and habitat destruction. With its population in decline, it is important to ensure that necessary conservation measures are taken to ensure that the species doesn’t go extinct in the future. With the right effort and dedication, the black rhinoceros, and other endangered species can be saved.

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