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Blanford’s Fox

  • Animals

Introduction to Blanford’s Fox

Blanford’s fox, or Vulpes cana, is a species of small fox native to rocky and arid regions of the Middle East and parts of Central Asia. It is one of the smallest species of fox, measuring in at just under a foot in length and usually weighing three to five pounds. The fox has a distinctive appearance, sporting a sandy reddish to yellowish coat, with generally white colored legs and underside. Blanford’s fox has large ears, which are black tipped, and a large bushy tail that is usually as long as its body. The species has evolved to live in a particularly harsh environment, characterized by sparse, waterless, and hostile conditions.

Habitat and Range

Blanford’s fox is primarily found in Iran, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, and Pakistan, ranging from the Elburz Mountains in the north to the Sindh province in the south. The fox occupies the semi-deserts and steppes of the eastern and southeastern parts of the region, and is also known to inhabit rocky mountain ridges, desert plains, and open grasslands.

Nesting and burrows are typically found on rocky slopes and in crevices at elevations ranging between 1,400 and 4,500 feet. Blanford’s fox is a nocturnal species; however, it can often be seen out during daylight hours. During the day, it retreats to its complex network of burrows and crevices, retreating from the harsh desert temperatures.


The diet of the Blanford’s fox largely consists of small mammals, such as gerbils, ground squirrels, and lizards. The fox relies heavily on carrion in the summer months, when food is scarce. During the cold winter months, the fox’s diet shifts to include rodents and small birds. In particularly harsh winters, the fox will also consume fruit and other vegetation.

Blanford's Fox two


Blanford’s fox has a breeding season that begins around mid-January and may extend into the beginning of April. The female fox gives birth to a litter of two to four pups after a gestation period of 45 to 52 days. Pups are weaned at around two months of age, but may remain with their mother until the onset of the next breeding season.

Threats and Conservation

Blanford’s fox is classified as Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Despite this, the species is still threatened by habitat loss due to urbanization in western Asia and the Middle East. Additionally, the fox is threatened by illegal hunting and the capture of pups for the pet trade.

In the wild, Blanford’s fox is protected by national legislation in most areas of its range. The Iranian Department of Environment has also developed a conservation breeding center for the species, and conservationists are actively working to protect its fragile habitat.


Blanford’s fox is an interesting and understudied species that is well adapted to the harsh environment of its native range. This small species of fox faces a number of threats, but is fortunately protected by national legislation and educational programs. With continued conservation efforts, Blanford’s fox has a chance at a long and healthy future.

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