Skip to content



The bushmaster (Lachesis muta) is the biggest venomous snake on the American continent and the largest member of the viper family. It is found in tropical regions of Central and South America, particularly in the Amazon and Colombia. The snake gets its name from its common greenish-brown colouration which makes it look like a type of medium-sized bush. It also has other unique features such as a large head with a deep hood and very impressive speed, strength, and agility.


The bushmaster’s maximum length is 3.93 meters (12–13 feet) and its average mass is about 12 kilograms (25 pounds). They are stocky for their size and heavily built, with a large head, heart-shaped cross-section and deep hood. They also have a unique feature called the “double hammerhead” which is a long, flat protrusion on their snout. They have long, strong bodies and short tails, as well as short legs and large triangular heads with large eyes. Their scales are keeled and their coloration ranges from greenish brown to reddish brown.


Bushmasters are mostly active during the night, as this increases their chances of finding prey without being seen by potential predators and are known to spend a great deal of time sleeping in burrows and tree branches. During the day, they often hide in the shade or under logs and rocks. They are solitary creatures, so they don’t usually interact with other bushmasters unless they are mating. When threatened, they may adopt a defensive posture, raising the top of the body and hood and hissing loudly.

Feeding Habits

Bushmasters eat a variety of animals, including small mammals, birds, amphibians, and reptiles. They generally use their speed and agility to ambush their prey and then use a powerful bite and venom to subdue it. They have an impressive bite force and can crush bones with ease. The bushmaster will usually carry its prey off to a safe place before consuming it.

Bushmaster two


Bushmasters mate from February to April. Females will lay 15-20 eggs in clutches of roughly the same size. The eggs hatch 60 to 90 days later, and the hatchlings measure about 20 cm in length. The baby bushmasters are born with a pre-developed venom. They are also able to eat from the get-go, and each hatchling will immediately look for its own prey.

The Threat of Habitat Loss

Bushmasters are an important part of the ecosystem, as they help control populations of small mammals. Unfortunately, their habitats are being destroyed at an alarming rate due to illegal logging and other human activities. As a result, bushmasters have become rare in some areas and are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN red list. Conservation efforts are needed to ensure their survival.


The bushmaster is an amazing creature and holds a lot of fascination for people due to its size and strength. Unfortunately, their habitats are being destroyed or fragmented at an alarming rate, so conservation efforts are needed to ensure their survival. If we can understand and protect these powerful creatures, we will be able to keep them in our lives for years to come.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!

Average rating 0 / 5. Vote count: 0

No votes so far! Be the first to rate this post.

We are sorry that this post was not useful for you!

Let us improve this post!

Tell us how we can improve this post?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *