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Eurasian Tree Sparrow

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Eurasian Tree Sparrow – A Bird with Personality

The Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) is a passerine bird that is found throughout much of Eurasia and parts of North Africa. They are small, stocky sparrows that are often found in large flocks around urban areas. The tree sparrow has a unique, cheerful chirp that can often be heard in gardens, parks and open spaces.

The sparrow is easily identified by its distinct white cheeks, chestnut-colored crown, grey back and white rump. It also has a black bib and black spots on its wings. The bill of a tree sparrow is black, while its legs are brownish. They are very sociable birds, often found in large flocks but also in pairs or even as solitary individuals.

Behavior of the Eurasian Tree Sparrow

The Eurasian Tree Sparrow is mainly found in woodland, grassland and other open areas near water. It will also live close to human settlements in parks, gardens and other areas where food is easily accessible. They nest in cavities and will often use man-made nest-boxes.

Tree sparrows tend to forage for food on the ground, searching for seeds, insects, and berries. They will also feed on garden plants, such as sunflowers, dandelions and thistles. During the breeding season, they will collect material to build their nest, which they will later line with feathers and grass.

Tree sparrows are very sociable, often forming large flocks to forage for food. They are also good singers and will take turns to sing during the winter months.

Interesting Facts about the Eurasian Tree Sparrow

The Eurasian Tree Sparrow is a very popular bird, often seen in cities and gardens, and is featured in many works of art and on stickers and other currency. Here are some interesting facts about this species:

• The Eurasian Tree Sparrow is listed as Least Concern on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species.

• The tree sparrow is the life force of Chinese mythology, representing the soul and thought of the people.

• Tree sparrows are one of the few species of birds that play an important role in local cultures, serving as messengers of good as well as bad luck, depending on the region.

• Tree sparrows are very territorial during the breeding season and will fiercely defend their nests from other birds.

• The tree sparrow is believed to have originated in Japan, then spread throughout the rest of Eurasia and North Africa.

• The tree sparrow is known to mate for life, with some pairs remaining together throughout the year.

• The Eurasian Tree Sparrow is the official bird of the State of Iowa in the United States.

Eurasian Tree Sparrow two

Threats to the Eurasian Tree Sparrow

Unfortunately, the Eurasian Tree Sparrow faces a number of significant threats. The main issues are habitat destruction and degradation, which is driven by increasing human population and urban development. This has reduced the available nesting sites and food sources, making it more difficult for tree sparrows to find suitable areas to live in. Additionally, the lack of suitable nest-boxes and trees for nesting can make it difficult for the species to reproduce.

Another threat is competition from invasive species such as the house sparrow. House sparrows are known to aggressively compete for nesting sites and food resources, which can have a negative impact on the Eurasian Tree Sparrow’s population. Finally, the species is also threatened by pesticide use and other human activities that can reduce the availability of food and nesting sites.


The Eurasian Tree Sparrow is a unique bird with an unmistakable personality. It is a sociable species that is often seen in large flocks, and can easily adapt to urban areas. Unfortunately, the species is threatened by the destruction of its natural habitats and the introduction of invasive species. It is important that we protect and conserve the species, and ensure that it remains a part of our cities and gardens.

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