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How to Graft a Fruit Tree


Grafting is a process that involves combining a scion, or woody piece of a fruit tree with a rootstock, or the root system of a fruit tree. It’s a centuries-old method of propagating plants, and it continues to be widely used today by farmers, gardeners, and anyone with an interest in growing fruit trees. Grafting is an easy way to propagate fruit trees, making it possible to produce many identical offspring from a single parent tree. The goal of this article is to provide an overview of the process of grafting a fruit tree, from selecting scion and rootstock to choosing supplies and performing the actual graft.

Selecting Scion and Rootstock

The first step for successful fruit tree grafting is choosing the right scion and rootstock. The scion should be healthy, disease-free, and show signs of vigorous growth. The rootstock should be large enough to accommodate a successful graft, and it should be compatible with the scion in terms of size, species, and plant type. For example, when grafting a small apples onto a large apple rootstock, make sure to select apples of the same species.

Supplies and Tools

Once the appropriate scion and rootstock have been selected, the next step is gathering the necessary supplies and tools. Grafting tools such as pruning shears or saws, grafting knives, and grafting tape are essential for successful fruit tree grafting. It’s also important to have antiseptic materials like rubbing alcohol and a brush, as well as a surface to place the scion and rootstock while you’re grafting. Additionally, it’s a good idea to have a set of markers, labels, and flags so that you can keep track of your grafts more easily.

Grafting Techniques

The actual process of grafting a fruit tree is fairly straightforward, but it does require some practice and experience. Fruit tree grafting is usually broken down into two steps: the joining of the scion to the rootstock, and the sealing of the graft. Both steps are important for the success of the graft and must be done with care.

How to Graft a Fruit Tree two

Joining the Scion and Rootstock

The first step in the process of grafting a fruit tree is joining the scion to the rootstock. This is done by cutting both the scion and the rootstock with a grafting knife or pruning shears at a 45-degree angle, creating a ā€œVā€ shape. The cut sides should then be matched up together, forming a secure fit. The next step is to wrap the graft area with grafting tape and then cut off any excess tape.

Sealing the Graft

The final step in the process of grafting a fruit tree is to seal the graft. This is done with a special grafting wax, which can be purchased from a nursery or garden supply store. The wax is applied to the graft area, covering and sealing the cut edges of both the scion and rootstock. Once the grafting wax has been applied, the graft should be misted with water to keep the wax from drying out.

Caring for the Grafted Tree

Once the graft has been completed, it’s important to provide the grafted tree with the proper care and protection. The tree must be kept away from direct sunlight and should be protected from any potential pests or diseases. Additionally, the graft should be checked regularly for signs of stress or infection. The grafted tree should be monitored carefully for the first few weeks and then watered regularly, as any disruption to the graft could cause the tree to fail.


Grafting is an effective and reliable method of propagating fruit trees. It’s important to take the proper steps when grafting a fruit tree to ensure success. Selecting a scion and rootstock that are compatible, gathering the necessary supplies and tools, and joining and sealing the graft are all important parts of a successful graft. Additionally, providing proper care and monitoring of the grafted tree is essential for a successful outcome.

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