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Marsupial Mole

  • Animals

Introduction to Marsupial Moles

Marsupial moles (Notoryctes typhlops) are mysterious and little-known mammals that inhabit arid regions of Australia. They are incredibly unique, yet still undocumented creatures. Marsupial moles are both members of the marsupial, or pouched animal, family and the mole family. They are unique, compared to other mammals, in their adaptation to living in an underground habitat. They are also quite mysterious and little-known.

Appearance and Characteristics of Marsupial Moles

Marsupial moles have an elonated, body size of approximately 10 inches long with a tail of about two inches and weigh two to five ounces. They are covered in stainless fur and have webbed feet. Its snout is similar to that of a mole, with a shape like a cow. The muzzle of a marsupial mole is covered with a soft leathery covering, and a distinct pigmentation which makes them appear golden or red. The ears are short, and the eyes are very small, but relatively prominent on the head, and they have small claws.

Behavior of Marsupial Moles

These moles are rarely seen due to their preference of living in underground tunnels or in a shallow mounds of soil they have dug up with their claws. They are nocturnal, and they mainly eat ants and termites, although they may also consume earthworms, spiders, beetle larvae and other small invertebrates. They use their nose to locate food.

Life Cycle of Marsupial Moles

Marsupial moles reproduce in a unique way that similar to that of female kangaroos. Females give birth to two young at the same time and affix them to teats in her pouch. Then, the pouch opens backwards, allowing the young to be pushed out of the pouch during times of danger. The young are born mature enough to dig its own burrows and find adequate food. The gestation period is approximately five weeks.

Marsupial Mole two

Habitat and Distribution of Marsupial Moles

Marsupial moles inhabit arid parts of Western Australia and Northern Australia. They live mainly in sandy soils, along beaches and in dry-lakebeds. There is also evidence to suggest that they inhabit calcareous soils and may even be found in soils with higher clay contents.

Conservation of Marsupial Moles

The marsupial mole population is thought to be declining. They are listed as Vulnerable, according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The major threats to their survival include predation by other species, destruction of their habitat, and human encroachment into their habitats. As these mammals dig and feed during the day, they are particularly vulnerable during times of human activity. The Australian government has implemented a number of conservation initiatives to protect them.


Marsupial moles remain a mysterious and mysterious and little-known species. They are unique in their adaptation to living an underground habitat and their anatomy and habits, unique to other mammals. Although their numbers are declining, the Australian government has taken some steps to conserve this species. However, more research needs to be done to better understand the ecology and conservation needs of this species.

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