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Musk Duck

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The Most Fascinating Bird You Never Knew Existed – The Musk Duck

Most people have heard of the notoriously shy and elusive musk duck, but few have even seen one. These enigmatic birds have one of the most distinct, easily recognizable calls of all waterfowl, yet still manage to remain largely unknown to most of the world. Little is known about this rare bird, let alone its fascinating behavior.

The Appearance and Distribution of the Musk Duck

The musk duck, also known as Biziura lobata, is a medium-sized waterfowl native to Australia and the islands of Melanesia. It is identified by its unique ‘plump’ body shape and its patterned, mottled brown feathers. Its wings are quite large in proportion to its body and its bill is grey-black in colour. The species’ most striking feature is its bright yellow eyes, which contrast its otherwise dark colouration.

While the musk duck can be seen in various parts of Australia, it is not often seen and is rarely found in large flocks. Generally, its preferred habitat is permanent wetlands, lakes and lagoons. The musk duck’s range is limited to Australia, the Queensland coast, and the islands of Melanesia.

Unique Characteristics and Behaviors

The musk duck is well known for its peculiar behaviors and its generally shy nature. For instance, when threatened, the musk duck will often raise its wings and tail feathers in anticipation. It will then swim rapidly and dive underwater to escape predators.

When undisturbed, musk ducks are quite docile and will often congregate in small groups. They may spend their time foraging on plants, prairie grasses, insects, crustaceans and fish. During mating season, the musk duck’s call can often be heard reverberating across the wetlands.

A unique trait of the musk duck is its ability to switch between salt and freshwater environments. This is likely due to the species’ quill-like tertiary feathers that help the birds to float in salt water, despite their heavy bodies.

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The Significance of the Musk Duck to Aboriginals

The musk duck has been an important species to Aboriginals since pre-colonial times. The species provided early humans with both a source of protein and a means of trading with neighbouring tribes. In some areas of Australia, the duck is still used for sustenance and trade.

The species’ image can also be found featured prominently in some aboriginal dreamtime stories. In these stories, the musk duck is often depicted as a wise and powerful bird, who is able to offer protection and guidance to humans.

Protected Status and Threats of the Musk Duck

The musk duck is listed as a species of special conservation concern by the Australian government. This is in part due to the species’ threatened or low population numbers, as well as its highly restricted range.

The main threats facing the bird’s survival include habitat degradation, water levels, wetland drainage, pollution and illegal hunting. These factors can also lead to increased competition with other species for limited resources.


The musk duck is an often-overlooked species, yet one of immense value to mankind. Its colorful plumage, unique sounds and behaviors have made it an iconic species of the wetlands of Australia and the islands of Melanesia. Despite its unusual appeal, however, the musk duck still faces numerous threats to its existence and is listed as a special conservation concern. It is our responsibility to ensure that the musk duck continues to thrive for generations to come.

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