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Wood Duck

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Introduction to the Wood Duck

The Wood Duck (Aix sponsa) is a species of tree duck that can be found in North America. This beautiful duck is known for its colorful feathers and melodious call, which has been described as “the most perfect sonic harmony”. The Wood Duck is a popular species of waterfowl and is a rewarding species for birdwatchers to observe.

The Wood Duck is native to North America, where it is found from the central and eastern United States, through southern Canada, and south to the northern parts of Mexico. It can also be found in parts of the Caribbean and Central America. It is a medium-sized duck, about 19 inches (48 cm) in length, and it has a wingspan of around 27 inches (69 cm).

This duck is a very colorful bird, with a glossy green-black head, white underparts, and colorful chestnut flanks. Its back is brown while its wings have a greyish-brown color. Males also have a distinctive crest, which is a curved feather formation on the back of the head.

The Wood Duck is a very vocal species and its call is one of its most recognizable characteristics. Its call has been described as a low-pitched “sing-song”, which consists of several phrases that are repeated. It has also been given several names, including “woodie”, “woodpecker”, and “queerloo”.

Wood Duck two

Behavior and Habits of the Wood Duck

The Wood Duck is a diurnal bird and is most active during the day. It prefers to stay in shallow wetlands, such as marshes and ponds. It is an agile flyer, able to take off and land quickly. It can also dive underwater and use its feet to propel itself forward.

The Wood Duck is a social species and it is often found in large flocks. During the breeding season, these flocks may contain up to several hundred individuals. This bird feeds mainly on aquatic vegetation, seeds, invertebrates, and aquatic insects.

The Wood Duck is a monogamous species and it will form long-term relationships with a mate. Pairs are not migratory, remaining near the same pond or marsh year-round. The male will perform courtship displays to attract a female partner, including bobbing its head, fanning out its tail, and shaking its wings.

Wood Ducks will nest in tree cavities, often in the hollows of large dead trees. They prefer to nest at a height of 6-20 feet. Both the male and female will build the nest, which is made up of soft and downy materials. The female will lay between 7-15 eggs per clutch and she will incubate them for around 30 days.

After hatching, the young will leave the nest and make their way to the water. Wood Ducks are precocial, which means that they are able to leave the nest soon after hatching and are able to feed themselves soon after.

Conservation and Threats of the Wood Duck

The Wood Duck has an extensive range and is currently classified as Least Concern. Its population is estimated to be between 500,000-1,000,000 individuals and appears to be increasing. However, some areas may be experiencing local declines due to loss of critical wetlands habitat.

Ducks Unlimited, the National Audubon Society, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service are all working to protect and conserve Wood Duck populations and their habitats. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has implemented woodland nesting boxes, which help to provide nesting sites for these ducks.

The Wood Duck is a popular species of waterfowl for hunters and anglers. However, hunting regulations are in place for this species and limits should be adhered to.


The Wood Duck is a beautiful species of tree duck that is found in North America, the Caribbean, and parts of Central America. It is a very vocal species and its low-pitched call is very recognizable. It is also a social species, often found in large flocks. This duck is currently classified as Least Concern, however local populations may be declining due to habitat loss. Conservation organizations are working to ensure that Wood Duck populations remain healthy and that their habitat is preserved.

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